Past Perfect Progressive/Continuous (I had been playing…)
Das Past Perfect Progressive wird auch past perfect Continuous oder Past Perfect in be+ing genannt.
- When I went outside this morning the ground was wet. It had been raining.
- = Als ich heute Morgen aus dem Haus ging, war der Boden nass. Es hatte geregnet.
- We had been playing football for ten minutes when it started to rain.
- = Wir hatten gerade zehn Minuten lang Fußball gespielt, als es zu regnen begann.
Subjekt + had been + Verbalbasis + ing
|I / you / he / she / we / you / they_||… had been playing_||… had not (hadn’t) been playing_||Had … been playing?_|
- (+) She had been travelling for one month when she finally arrived in Mexico.
- (?) Had she been travelling for one month when she finally arrived in Mexico?
- (-) She had not been travelling for one month when she finally arrived in Mexico.
2/ Erklärung und Verwendung
* Etwas, das in der Vergangenheit begonnen hat und bis zu einer anderen Handlung oder einem Ereignis in der Vergangenheit fortgesetzt wurde (in Kombination mit dem past simple):
- Carol had been saving money for more than a year before she left for Canada.
- How long had you been studying Japanese before you moved to Osaka?
- How long had he been watching TV when he felt asleep?
- We had been trying to open the door for five minutes when Peter found the key.
- Bruce wanted to walk because he had been sitting all day at work.
- How long had you been waiting before the bus arrived?
- They had been talking for over an hour before Kat arrived.
- Phil had been working at that restaurant for two years when it went out of business.
* Die Ursache und Wirkung von etwas in der Vergangenheit
Man kann das Ergebnis von etwas sehen, das passiert ist (man kann ‘because’ verwenden).
- Tom was very tired. He had been running.
- = Tom was tired because he had been running.
- Tina gained weight because she had been eating too much.
- Somebody had been smoking. I could smell tobacco.
- I was disappointed when she canceled the trip. I had been looking forward to spend some time with her.
- Danny was crying because he had been fighting with his brother.
* die indirekte Rede
- ‘I was working late in the garage last night.’ → Nathan told them he had been working late in the garage last night.
- ‘I have been partying all night.’ → Carol said she had been partying all night.
⚠️ Past Continuous oder Past Perfect Progressive (Continuous)?
Beim Past Perfect Progressive/Continuous ist die Dauer der Handlung wichtiger, während beim Past Continuous die Handlung an sich wichtiger ist.
Wenn jedoch keine Dauer angegeben wird (for 45 minutes, for one week, since friday…), ziehen es viele Englischsprachige vor, das Past Continuous zu verwenden.
- Past continuous → We were playing tennis when it started raining.
Als wir Tennis spielten, begann es zu regnen. Die Betonung liegt auf dem, was wir zu dem Zeitpunkt taten, als es zu regnen begann (d. h. das Tennisspiel).
- Past perfect continuous → We had been playing tennis (for 45 minutes) when it started raining.
Wir spielten schon eine Weile Tennis, wo wir gerade aufgehört hatten, als es zu regnen begann. Die Betonung liegt auf der Dauer der Handlung (hier das Tennisspiel).
⚠️ Einige Verben nehmen nicht die kontinuierliche Form an:
Dies gilt vor allem für abstrakte Verben oder Verben, die mit einem mentalen Zustand verbunden sind.
like / love / hate / prefer / need / want / belong / contain / fit / consist / seem / realise / know / believe / imagine / understand / remember
- Chris had been wanting to travel around the world before he died. ❌
- Chris had wanted to travel around the world before he died. ✔️
⚠️ Es gibt kein Past Perfect Progressive/Continuous für das Verb “sein” (to be):
Had been being wird einfach durch had been ersetzt
- Sam had been being very happy because he won to the lottery.
⚠️ Der Platz der Adverbien
Adverbien stehen vor “been”: always, only, just, never, ever, still, etc.
- He had just been waiting there for two minutes when the train arrived.
- Had he just been waiting there for two minutes when the train arrived?
©Schnellenglish.com – diese Lektionen nicht von anderen Seiten kopieren!